Cyber Media Guidelines

Cyber ​​Media Guidelines

Freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press are human rights protected by Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, and the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The existence of cyber media in Indonesia is also part of freedom of opinion, freedom of expression, and freedom of the press.

Cyber ​​media has a special character that requires guidelines so that its management can be carried out professionally, fulfilling its functions, rights, and obligations in accordance with Law Number 40 of 1999 concerning the Press and the Journalistic Code of Ethics. For this reason, the Press Council together with press organizations, cyber media managers, and the community have prepared the Cyber ​​Media Reporting Guidelines as follows:

1. Scope

  1. Cyber ​​Media is any form of media that uses the internet as a medium and carries out journalistic activities, and meets the requirements of the Press Law and Press Company Standards set by the Press Council.
  2. User Generated Content is any content created and/or published by cyber media users, including articles, images, comments, audio, videos and various forms of uploads attached to cyber media, such as blogs, forums, reader or viewer comments, and other forms.

2. News verification and balance

  1. In principle, every news item must be verified.
  2. News that can harm other parties requires verification of the same news item to meet the principles of accuracy and balance.
  3. The provisions in point (a) above are excluded, provided that:
    1. The news item truly contains urgent public interest;
    2. The first news source is a source whose identity is clearly stated, credible and competent;
    3. The subject of the news item that must be confirmed is unknown and/or cannot be interviewed;
    4. The media provides an explanation to the reader that the news item still requires further verification which is attempted as soon as possible. The explanation is included at the end of the same news item, in brackets and using italics.
  4. After publishing news in accordance with point (c), the media must continue verification efforts, and after verification is obtained, the verification results are included in the updated news with a link to the unverified news.

3. User Generated Content

  1. Cyber ​​media must include terms and conditions regarding User Generated Content that do not conflict with Law No. 40 of 1999 concerning the Press and the Journalistic Code of Ethics, which are placed clearly and visibly.
  2. Cyber ​​media requires every user to register for membership and log in first to be able to publish all forms of User Generated Content. Provisions regarding log-in will be regulated further.
  3. In the registration, cyber media requires users to provide written consent that the User Generated Content that is published:
    1. Does not contain lies, slander, sadism and obscenity;
    2. Does not contain content that contains prejudice and hatred related to ethnicity, religion, race, and inter-group (SARA), and encourages acts of violence;
    3. Does not contain discriminatory content based on gender and language differences, and does not degrade the dignity of the weak, poor, sick, mentally disabled, or physically disabled.
    4. Cyber ​​media has absolute authority to edit or delete User-Generated Content that violates point (c).
    5. Cyber ​​media is required to provide a complaint mechanism for User-Generated Content that is deemed to violate the provisions in point (c). The mechanism must be provided in a place that can be easily accessed by users.
    6. Cyber ​​media is required to edit, delete, and take corrective action for any reported User-Generated Content that violates the provisions in point (c), as soon as possible proportionally no later than 2 x 24 hours after the complaint is received.
    7. Cyber ​​media that has fulfilled the provisions in points (a), (b), (c), and (f) is not burdened with responsibility for problems caused by the publication of content that violates the provisions in point (c).
    8. Cyber ​​media is responsible for reported User-Generated Content if it does not take corrective action after the time limit as stated in point (f).

4. Rectifications, Corrections, and the Right of Reply

  1. Rectifications, corrections, and the right of reply refer to the Press Law, the Journalistic Code of Ethics, and the Right of Reply Guidelines set by the Press Council.
  2. Rectifications, corrections, and/or the right of reply must be linked to the news that is being rectified, corrected, or given the right of reply.
  3. In every news item of rectifications, corrections, and the right of reply, the time of publication of the rectification, correction, and/or the right of reply must be stated.
  4. If a certain cyber media news is disseminated by another cyber media, then:
    1. The responsibility of the cyber media that makes the news is limited to the news published in the cyber media or cyber media that is under its technical authority;
    2. News corrections made by a cyber media must also be made by other cyber media that quote news from the cyber media that was corrected;
    3. Media that disseminates news from a cyber media and does not make corrections to the news according to that made by the cyber media owner and/or creator of the news, is fully responsible for all legal consequences of the news that it did not correct.
  5. In accordance with the Press Law, cyber media that does not serve the right of reply can be subject to criminal sanctions in the form of a maximum fine of IDR 500,000,000 (five hundred million rupiah).

5. Revocation of News

  1. News that has been published cannot be revoked for reasons of censorship from parties outside the editorial team, except regarding issues of SARA, morality, the future of children, traumatic experiences of victims or based on other special considerations determined by the Press Council.
  2. Other cyber media must follow the retraction of news quotes from the original media that have been retracted.
  3. Retraction of news must be accompanied by the reasons for the retraction and announced to the public.

6. Advertisements

  1. Cyber ​​media must clearly distinguish between news products and advertisements.
  2. Every news/article/content that is an advertisement and/or paid content must include a statement